He was delighted. I next heartily indorsed every word stated in his advertisements. He was not surprised, for he knew the effects of his pills were such as I described. Still he was elated in having another witness whose extensive experiments with his pills were so eminently satisfactory. The doctor and myself were both happy—he in being able to do so much good to mankind; I in being the recipient of such untold benefits through his valuable discovery.
I never sell a pill to a druggist—I never permit an apothecary to handle one of my pills. But they counterfeit them by the bushel; the unprincipled, heartless, murderous impostors! I need not say I was surprised. I confess I laughed heartily; and told the doctor that, after all, it seemed the coun  terfeits were as good as the real pills, provided the patient had sufficient faith.
The doctor was puzzled as well as vexed, but an idea struck him that soon enabled him to recover his usual equanimity.
They have pretended to be planters, and have purchased pills from me in large quantities for use on the plantations, and then they have retailed the pills from their drug-shops. The doctor was uneasy, but he asked me as a favor to bring him one of the empty pill boxes which I had brought from the South. In the same year, he was elected to the New York State Senate, and in was again elected. Brandreth is a liberal man and a pleasant, entertaining, and edifying companion.
He deserves all the success he has ever received. The Davenport Brothers are natives of Buffalo, N. They were then mere lads. For some time, their operations were confined to their own place, where, having obtained considerable notoriety through the press, they were visited by people from all parts of the country.
But, in , they were induced by John F. Coles, a very worthy spiritualist of New York City, to visit that metropolis, and there exhibit their powers.
Under the management of Mr. On one of these occasions, however, a policeman suddenly lighted the hall by means of a dark lantern, without having been specially called upon to do so; and the boys were clearly seen with instruments in their hands. They dropped them as soon as they could, and resumed their seats at the table. Satisfied that the thing was a humbug, the audience left in disgust; and the policeman was about to march the boys to the station-house on the charge of swindling, when he was prevailed upon to remain and farther test the matter.
While they remained thus situated as he supposed, the room being dark, one of the instruments, with an infernal twanging of its strings, rose from the  table and hit the policeman several times on the head; then a strange voice through the trumpet advised him not to interfere with the work of the spirits by persecuting the mediums!
The boys produced the manifestations by grasping the neck of the instrument, swinging it around, and thrusting it into different parts of the open space of the room, at the same time vibrating the strings with the fore-finger. The faster the finger passed over the strings, the more rapidly the instrument seemed to move.
Two hands could thus use as many instruments. It was an easy matter then to raise and thrum the instrument or talk through the horn. This time, a little, dim, ghostly gaslight was allowed in the room. John F. Coles—who had for several days, sus  pected the innocence of the boys—sprang from his seat, turned up the gaslight, and pounced on the elder boy, who was found to have a nicely stuffed glove drawn partly on to the toe of his boot.
That, then, was the spirit-hand! The nails that the imaginative spiritualist thought he saw were not on the fingers.
The boy alleged that the spirits made him attempt the deception. The father of these boys, who had accompanied them to New York, took them home immediately after that exposure. Their cabinet is about six feet high, six feet long, and two and a half feet deep, the front consisting of three doors, opening outward.
In each end is a seat, with holes through which the ropes can be passed in securing the mediums. In the upper part of the middle door is a lozenge-shaped aperture, curtained on the inside with black muslin or oilcloth. The bolts are on the inside of the doors. The mediums are generally first tied by a committee of two gentlemen appointed from the audience.
The doors of the cabinet are then closed, those at the ends first, and then the middle one, the bolt of which is reached by the manager through the aperture. By the time the end doors are closed and bolted, the Davenports, in many instances, have succeeded in loosening the knots next their wrists, and in slipping their hands out, the latter being then exhibited at the aperture.
Lest the hands should be recognized as belonging to the mediums, they are kept in a constant shaking motion while in view; and to make the hands look large or small, they spread or press together the fingers. With that peculiar rapid motion imparted to them, four hands in the aperture will appear to be half-a-dozen. It does  not take the medium long to draw the knots close to their wrists again.
They are then ready to be inspected by the Committee, who report them tied as they were left. Supposing them to have been securely bound all the while, those who witness the show are very naturally astonished. It is a common thing for these impostors to give the rope between their hands a twist while those limbs are being bound; and that movement, if dexterously made, while the attention of the committee-men is momentarily diverted, is not likely to be detected.
Reversing that movement will let the hand out. There are several ways of forming such a knot, one of which I will attempt to describe. In the middle of a rope a square knot is tied, loosely at first, so that the ends of the rope can be tucked through, in opposite directions, below the knot, and the latter is then drawn tight.
There are then two loops—which should be made small—through which the hands are to pass after the rest of the tying is done. Just sufficient slack is left to admit of the hands passing through the loops, which,  lastly, are drawn close to the wrists, the knot coming between the latter.
No one, from the appearance of such a knot, would suspect it could be slipped. The mediums thus tied can, immediately after the committee have inspected the knots, and closed the doors, show hands or play upon musical instruments, and in a few seconds be, to all appearance, firmly tied again. If flour has been placed in their hands, it makes no difference as to their getting those members out of or into the ropes; but, to show hands at the aperture, or to make a noise on the musical instruments, it is necessary that they should get the flour out of one hand into the other.
The moisture of the hand and squeezing, packs the flour into a lump, which can be laid into the other hand and returned without losing any. The little flour that adheres to the empty hand can be wiped off in the pantaloons pocket. The mediums seldom if ever take flour in their hands while they are in the bonds put upon them by the committee.
The principal part of the show is after the tying has been done in their own way. Fay, who accompanies the Davenports, is thus fixed when the hypothetical spirits take the coat off his back.
As I before remarked, there are several ways in which the mediums tie themselves. They always do it, however, in such a manner that, though the tying looks secure, they can immediately get one or both hands out.
Let committees insist upon untying the knots of the spirits, whether the mediums are willing or not. A little critical observation will enable them to learn the trick. Sometimes they do this by twisting the rope between their wrists; sometimes it is by keeping their muscles as tense as possible during the tying, so that when relaxed there shall be some slack. A violin, bell, and tambourine, with perhaps a guitar and drum, are the instruments used by the Davenports in the cabinet. The one who plays the violin holds the bell in his hand with the bow.
The other chap beats the tambourine on his knee, and has a hand for something else. To expose all the tricks of these impostors would require more space than I can afford at present. They have exhibited throughout the Northern States and the Canadas; but never succeeded very well pecuniarily until about two years ago, when they employed an agent, who advertised them in such a way as to attract public  attention.
In September last, they went to England, where they have since created considerable excitement. Van Vleck, of Ohio, to whom I am indebted for some of the facts contained in this chapter, can beat the Davenport brothers at their own game. Van Vleck entered into the medium-business himself, and by establishing confidential relations with those of the profession whose acquaintance he made, he became duly qualified to expose them.
He was accepted and indorsed by leading spiritualists in different parts of the country, as a good medium, who performed the most remarkable spiritual wonders. As the worthy doctor practiced this innocent deception on the professed mediums solely in order that he might thus be able to expose their blasphemous impositions, the public will scarcely dispute that in this case the end justified the means.
I suppose it is not possible for any professed medium to puzzle or deceive the doctor. Mediums always insist upon certain conditions, and those conditions are just such as will best enable them to deceive the senses and pervert the judgment. Conjurers are no more likely to understand the tricks of the mediums than any other person is. Before a trick can be exposed it must be learned.
Fox, living in that place. These girls discovered that certain exercises of their anatomy would produce mysterious sounds—mysterious to those who heard them, simply because the means of their production were not apparent. Reports of this wonder soon went abroad, and the Fox family were daily visited by people from different sections of the country—all having a greed for the marvelous.
Not long after  the strange sounds were first heard, some one suggested that they were, perhaps, produced by spirits; and a request was made for a certain number of raps, if that suggestion was correct.
The specified number were immediately heard. False communications were attributed to evil spirits. The answers to questions were as often wrong as right; and only right when the answer could be easily guessed, or inferred from the nature of the question itself. The Fox family moved to Rochester, New York, soon after the rapping-humbug was started; and it was  there that their first public effort was made.
That theory, though very much ridiculed by the spiritualists then and since, was correct, as further developments proved. Culver was a good Christian woman, and she felt it her duty—as the deception had been carried so far—to expose the matter. The Fox family found that the rapping business would be made to pay; and so they continued it, with varying success, for a number of years, making New York city their place of residence and principal field of  operation.
Mediumship has come to be a profession steadily pursued by quite a number of persons, who get their living by it. It is by this class that the public is most likely to be deceived. There is a person by the name of J. The letters are returned—some of them at least—to the writers without appear  ing to have been opened, accompanied by answers purporting to be written through Mansfield by the spirits addressed.
Such of these letters as are sealed with gum-arabic merely, can be steamed open, and the envelopes resealed and reglazed as they were before. If sealing-wax has been used, a sharp, thin blade will enable the medium to nicely cut off the seal by splitting the paper under it; and then, after a knowledge of the contents of the letter is arrived at, the seal can be replaced in its original position, and made fast with gum-arabic.
Not more than one out of a hundred would be likely to observe that the seal had ever been tampered with. The investigator opens the envelope, when returned to him, at the end, preserving the sealed part intact, in order to show his friends that the letter was answered without being opened! Another method of the medium is, to slit open the envelope at the end with a sharp knife, and afterward stick it together again with gum, rubbing the edge slightly as soon as the gum is dry.
If the job is nicely done, a close observer would hardly perceive it. Mansfield does not engage to answer all letters; those unanswered being too securely sealed for him to open without detection. Several years since, a gentleman living in Buffalo, N. The questions were sent to Mr. The former did not appear to have been opened. Spreading a large sheet of blank paper on a table before him, the gentleman opened the envelope and placed its contents on the table.
The hair and grain of sand were not there. Time and again has Mansfield been convicted of imposture, yet he still prosecutes his nefarious business. I will write a series of questions addressed to one of my spirit-friends, inclose them in an envelope, and if Mr. Mansfield or any other professed medium will answer those questions pertinently in my presence, and without touching the envelope, I will give to such party five hundred dollars, and think I have got the worth of my money.
Backing up the pretence to mediumship with a show of something mysterious, is all-sufficient to enlist attention, and insure the making of converts. One of the most noted of the mediumistic fraternity—whose name I do not choose to give at present—steadily pursued his business, for several years, in a room in Broadway, in this city, and succeeded not only in humbugging a good many people, but in what was  more important to him—acquiring quite an amount of money. Medium and investigator being seated opposite each other at a table, the latter was handed several slips of blank paper, with the request that he write the first or Christian names—one on each paper—of several of his deceased relatives, which being done, he was desired to touch the folded papers, one after the other, till one should be designated, by three tips of the table, as containing the name of the spirit who would communicate.
The selected paper was laid aside, and the others thrown upon the floor, the investigator being further requested to write on as many different pieces of paper as contained the names, and the relation to himself of the spirits bearing them. The last-named class would be secondly written, and one of them designated by three tips of the table, as in the first instance.
The respective ages of the deceased parties, at the time of their decease, would also be written, and one of them selected. If the correspondence was affirmed, a communication was soon given, with the selected name, relationship, and age appended. Questions, written in the presence of the medium, were answered relevantly, if not perti  nently. By long practice, the medium was enabled to determine what the investigator wrote, by the motion of his hand in writing.
Nine out of ten wrote the relationship first that corresponded with the first name they had written. Therefore, if the medium selected the first that was written of each class, they in most cases referred to the same spirit.
No fact was communicated that had not been surreptitiously gleaned from the investigator. He was told to take a seat at the table, and to write the names of his deceased relatives. A name and relationship having been selected from those written, the investigator was desired to examine and state if they referred to one party. Keep on investigating, and you will soon be convinced of the great fact of spirit-intercourse. I am happy in my spirit-home; patiently awaiting the time when you will join me here, etc.
Your loving wife, Betsey. This same medium, not long since, visited Great Britain for the purpose of practicing his profession there. They tricked the trickster in other ways; one of which was to write the names of mortals instead of spirits. By pushing, the table tipped from him, it being prevented from sliding by little spikes in the legs of the side opposite the operator.
They, too, require investigators to write the names—in full, however—of their spirit-friends; the slips of paper containing the names, to be folded and placed on a table. So he handles all the papers without getting a response.
A mere glance enables him to read the name. Refolding the paper, and retaining it in his hand, he remarks:. Then seizing a pencil, he writes a name, which the investigator finds to be the one contained in the selected paper. It seems the spirits can never give their names without being reminded of them by the investigator, and then they are so doubtful of their own identity that they have but little to say for themselves.
One medium to whom I have already alluded, after a sojourn of several years in California—whither he went from Boston, seeking whom he might humbug—has now returned to the East, and is operating in this city.
His terms are only five dollars an hour. Seated at a table in a part of the room where is the most light, he hands the investigator a strip of blank, white paper, rather thin and light of texture, about a yard long and six inches wide, requesting him to write across one end of it a single question, addressed to a spirit-friend, then to sign his own name, and fold the paper once or twice over what he has written.
For instance:. William Franklin. P, unreleased, rare, and live tracks St. Witchery, Usurper, Misfortune, more. Disincarnate, and more! Dicky B. Captain Sensible of the Damned! Lil scratchy. Is This Monkeymusic? The vision serpent can be the vehicle by which ancestors or deities make themselves manifest to humanity. This sculpture depicts a version with a single head and personified blood scrolls attached to its tail.
A baby begins teething in the SEVENTH month; a child begins to sit after fourteen months 2 X 7 ; begins to walk after twenty-one months 3 X 7 ; to speak after twenty-eight months 4 X 7 ; leaves off sucking after thirty-five months 5 X 7 ; at fourteen years 2 X 7 he begins to finally form himself; at twenty-one 3 X 7 he ceases growing.
And in the Christian religions with the Roman Catholics and the Greeks the child is not held responsible for any crime till he is SEVEN, and it is the proper age for him to go to confession. The serpent of brass with it's SEVEN and twelve stations is from the Bible allegory, when god commands moses to make a serpnt of brass and put it on a pole your spine If the Hindus will think of their Manu and recall what the old Shastras contain, beyond doubt they will find the origin of all this symbolism.
And so on, to see the probability of the hypothesis. The Aryas never borrowed anything, nor did the Brahmans, who were too proud and exclusive for that. For example, a wedding ritual in Pakistan involves SEVEN happily married wives touching the bride's wedding dress to ensure a happy marriage.
Thus, the number SEVEN is directly linked to the power of the divine and has great symbolic value as an expression of Muslim belief and the miracles of God. The number SEVEN was considered sacred not only by all the cultured nations of antiquity and the East, but was held in the greatest reverence even by the later nations of the West. The astronomical origin of this number is established beyond any doubt. Man, feeling himself time out of mind dependent upon the heavenly powers, ever and everywhere made earth subject to heaven.
The goddess of music. She carries a biwa Japanese mandolin. The final count of the vote was 0 TO 7 n for, 7 against. The decision to remove the number 7 from the natural numbers was due, in part, to the terrible joke "SEVEN eight ate nine". As well, mathies decided that 7 has been 'the' lucky number for too long. New candidates for lucky number include 3, 19, These and yet more than these are the statements and philosophical insights of men on the number SEVEN, showing the reasons for the very high honor which that number has attained in nature The honor in which it is held by the most approved investigators of the mathematical science among Greeks and barbarians, and the special honor accorded to it by that lover of virtue, Moses.
When living beings of this land hear their calls they are altogether mindful of the Buddha, mindful of the Dharma, and mindful of the Sangha. Shariputra, if there is a good man or good woman who hears of Amitabha and holds his name whether for one day, two days, three, four, five days, six days, as long as SEVEN days with one mind unconfused, when this person nears the end of life, before him will appear Amitabha and all the assembly of Holy Ones.
We find the serpent in Buddhism, including the Buddhist god, Magoraga, but the further Buddhism moved from its Hindu roots and the more philosophical it became the less room there was for any god, much less a serpent god.
As the Buddha meditated, unmindful of his surroundings, a large storm arose. Muchalinda crept out of his hole wrapped himself SEVEN times around the Buddha, and with his great hood, kept his head dry.
According to legend, as soon as he was born, the Buddha walked SEVEN steps and announced: 'I am the highest in the world; I am the best in the world; I am the foremost in the world. Although the theme of this deck is ostensibly Buddhism, the real point of the deck is to demonstrate how mythic and archetypal themes from one culture can be correlated with those of different cultures.
Place is quite clever in showing how the life of the Buddha can be broken down and represented by the 22 Majors. The Descent from Tusita Heaven Fool begins the story, showing the reincarnated Buddha, about to begin his life as Siddhartha, descending a heavenly staircase with a white elephant.
Place has ingeniously chosen to show the elephant as an infant. In other words, the mind, being under the control of the lower forces, or EGO mind. Once you have opened the SEVEN seasls on your backside, you will eminate god's presence within your brain. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures 2. He leadeth me beside still waters 3. He restoreth my soul 4. He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake 5.
Thou comforteth me 6. Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies 7. Wilderness of Judea 2. Wilderness of Judah 3. Wilderness of Paran 4. Wilderness of Shur 5. Wilderness of Sin 6. Wilderness of Tekos 7. Amorites 2. Hittites 3. Perizzites 4. Canannites 5. Hivites 6. Girgashites 7.
Cedar tree 2. Shittah tree 3. Myrtle tree 4. Oil tree 5. Fir tree 6. Pine tree 7. Passover 2. Unleavened Bread 3. Firstfruits 4. Penticost 5. Rosh Hashanah 6. Yom Kippur 7. Edenic Gen 1 2. Adamic Gen 3 3. Noahic Gen 9 4. Abrahamic Gen 15 5. Mosaic Ex 19 6.
Palestinian Deut 28 7. Naoithin in Ramah to prophets - 1Sam 19 2. Addulam cave dwellers - 1Sam 22 4. Wilderness of Ziph fellowship - 1Sam 23 6. Engedi growth: become - 1Sam 23 7. Ezekiel 2. Ezekiel 3. Ezekiel 3: 22 4. Ezekiel 5. Ezekiel 6. Ezekiel 7.
Trumpet 2. Harp 3. Timbrel 4. Dance 5. Stringed Instruments 6. Organs 7. Jehovah-jireh - Gen ,14 2. Jehovah-rapha - Ex 3. Jehovah-nissi - Ex 4.
Jehovah-shalom - Judges 5. Jehovah-ra-ah - Ps 23 6. Jehovah-tsidkenu - Jer 7. Tyndale's Bible 2. Matthew's Bible by Tyndale and John Rogers 3. Coverdale's Bible 4. Cramer's Great Bible printed by Whitchurch 5. Geneva Bible 6. Bishop's Bible 7. Sopater of Berea 2. Aristarchus of Thessalonia 3.
Secundis of Thessalonia 4. Gaius of Derbe 5. Timotheus of Derbe 6. Tychius of Asia 7. And he had in his right hand SEVEN stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance [was] as the sun shineth in his strength Revelation 2.
And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: Revelation 3. Revelation 4. And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with SEVEN seals.
Revelation 6. And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne. Revelation 7. A door opened in heaven Revelation 2. The seals of the book are opened Revelation 6: 3. The abyss is opened Revelation 4. The temple is opened Revelation 19 5. The tabernacle of testimony is opened Revelation 6.
The heaven is opened Revelation 7. The books are opened Revelation SEVEN types of men hide themselves in Revelation 6: kings of the earth, great men, rich men, chief captains, mighty men, every bondman, every freeman Bottomless Pit is mentioned SEVEN times from Rev 9 1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.
Rev 2 And he opened the bottomless pit ; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit. Rev 3 And they had a king over them, [which is] the angel of the bottomless pit , whose name in the Hebrew tongue [is] Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath [his] name Apollyon.
Rev 4 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.
Rev 5 The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit , and go into perdition: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.
Rev 6 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. Rev 7 And cast him into the bottomless pit , and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.
Behold, there come SEVEN years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt: And there shall arise after them SEVEN years of famine; and all the plenty shall be forgotten in the land of Egypt; and the famine shall consume the land; Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint officers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the SEVEN plenteous years.
But the SEVENTH year thou shalt let it rest and lie still; that the poor of thy people may eat: and what they leave the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and with thy oliveyard. And thou shalt make the SEVEN lamps thereof: and they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it.
And that son that is priest in his stead shall put them on SEVEN days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation to minister in the holy place. SEVEN days thou shalt make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be holy. The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Of a talent of pure gold made he it, and all the vessels thereof. All the gold that was occupied for the work in all the work of the holy place, even the gold of the offering, was twenty and nine talents, and SEVEN hundred and thirty shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary.
SEVEN days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein. Thou shalt observe the feast of tabernacles SEVEN days, after that thou hast gathered in thy corn and thy wine SEVEN days shalt thou keep a solemn feast unto the LORD thy God in the place which the LORD shall choose The LORD shall smite thee with a consumption, and with a fever, and with an inflammation, and with an extreme burning, and with the sword, and with blasting, and with mildew; and they shall pursue thee until thou perish.
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron. The LORD shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed. The LORD shall cause thee to be smitten before thine enemies: thou shalt go out one way against them, and flee SEVEN ways before them: and shalt be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth.
And there remained among the children of Israel SEVEN tribes, which had not yet received their inheritance And they shall divide it into SEVEN parts: Judah shall abide in their coast on the south, and the house of Joseph shall abide in their coasts on the north. The nethermost chamber was five cubits broad, and the middle was six cubits broad, and the third was SEVEN cubits broad: for without in the wall of the house he made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house.
And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, which is the eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. And nets of checker work, and wreaths of chain work, for the chapiters which were upon the top of the pillars; SEVEN for the one chapiter, and for the other chapiter.
And he had SEVEN hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart. For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father.
And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. And he went up, and looked, and said, There is nothing. And he said, Go up, say unto Ahab, Prepare thy chariot, and get thee down that the rain stop thee not.
And when the king of Moab saw that the battle was too sore for him, he took with him SEVEN hundred men that drew swords, to break through even unto the king of Edom: but they could not. Then he returned, and walked in the house to and fro; and went up, and stretched himself upon him: and the child sneezed SEVEN times, and the child opened his eyes. And it came to pass at the SEVEN years' end, that the woman returned out of the land of the Philistines: and she went forth to cry unto the king for her house and for her land.
And it came to pass, when the letter came to them, that they took the king's sons, and slew SEVENTY persons, and put their heads in baskets, and sent him them to Jezreel.
Mighty men of valour, were SEVEN teen thousand and two hundred soldiers, fit to go out for war and battle. And David took from him a thousand chariots, and SEVEN thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: David also houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them an hundred chariots.
Hashabiah and his brethren, men of valour, a thousand and SEVEN hundred, were officers among them of Israel on this side Jordan westward in all the business of the LORD, and in the service of the king. Even three thousand talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and SEVEN thousand talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of the houses withal: And the time that he reigned over Israel was forty years; SEVEN years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.
And the children of Israel that were present kept the passover at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread SEVEN days RUTH And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old age: for thy daughter in law, which loveth thee, which is better to thee than SEVEN sons, hath born him. I will come down unto thee, to offer burnt offerings, and to sacrifice sacrifices of peace offerings: SEVEN days shalt thou tarry, till I come to thee, and shew thee what thou shalt do.
And the elders of Jabesh said unto him, Give us SEVEN days' respite, that we may send messengers unto all the coasts of Israel: and then, if there be no man to save us, we will come out to thee. Forasmuch as thou art sent of the king, and of his SEVEN counsellors, to enquire concerning Judah and Jerusalem, according to the law of thy God which is in thine hand; And of the sons of Elam; Jeshaiah the son of Athaliah, and with him seventy males.
And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the SEVENTH month And they found written in the law which the LORD had commanded by Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in booths in the feast of the SEVENTH month: Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast SEVEN days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according unto the manner.
JOB And there were born unto him SEVEN sons and three daughters His substance also was SEVEN thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a very great household; so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the east. And there shall be upon every high mountain, and upon every high hill, rivers and streams of waters in the day of the great slaughter, when the towers fall.
At the end of SEVEN years let ye go every man his brother an Hebrew, which hath been sold unto thee; and when he hath served thee six years, thou shalt let him go free from thee: but your fathers hearkened not unto me, neither inclined their ear. Now it came to pass in the SEVENTH month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, and the princes of the king, even ten men with him, came unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah; and there they did eat bread together in Mizpah.
This is the people whom Nebuchadrezzar carried away captive: in the SEVENTH year three thousand Jews and three and twenty: And it came to pass in the SEVEN and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the first year of his reign lifted up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him forth out of prison. And there stood before them SEVENTY men of the ancients of the house of Israel, and in the midst of them stood Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan, with every man his censer in his hand; and a thick cloud of incense went up.
And it came to pass in the SEVEN and twentieth year, in the first month, in the first day of the month, the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, they that dwell in the cities of Israel shall go forth, and shall set on fire and burn the weapons, both the shields and the bucklers, the bows and the arrows, and the handstaves, and the spears, and they shall burn them with fire SEVEN years: And SEVEN months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they may cleanse the land.
And they shall sever out men of continual employment, passing through the land to bury with the passengers those that remain upon the face of the earth, to cleanse it: after the end of SEVEN months shall they search.
It seems to me that hardly a year passes over my head in which some point or angle, some plane, does not start out and reveal itself as a new truth in the lesson of my life.
This experience is more common than most people would suppose. The great multitude is swept along in the main current of inherited beliefs, but not rarely under the influence of new teachings, of developing instincts ; above all, of that mighty impulse which carries the generation to which we belong far away from the landmark of its predecessors.
I remember writing on the last page of one that I had successfully mastered, perlegi, with the sense that it was a great triumph to have read quite through a volume of such size. Besides, I have myself written a great many books, — there are a dozen or more of them bound, upon my shelves, — but my mental library is full of books that I have written and never reduced to out- ward form.
These books would no doubt contain a vast amount of repetition, but they would also pre- sent a great variety of fresh illustrations and inciden- tal comments furnished by the experience of each suc- cessive day. My father's library may have held between one and two thousand books ; among them were the great English classics, historians, and poets, and many volumes of sermons, and odd volumes of periodicals, especially of the Annual Register and the Christian Observer, but above all Rees's Encyclope- dia, the American reprint of which was finished dur- ing my boyhood.
In that work I found a very con- siderable part of my reading. My father intended to keep from me all books of questionable teaching.
I remember that many leaves were torn out of a copy of Dryden's Poems, with the comment Hiatus hand de- flendas ; but I had, like all children, a kind of Indian sagacity in the discovery of contraband reading, such as a boy carries to a corner for perusal.
Sermons I had had enough of from the pulpit. I don't know that I ever read one sermon of my own accord during my childhood. The Life of David, by Samuel Chandler, had adventure enough, to say nothing of gallantry, in it to stimulate and gratify curiosity. If I remember right, Kimpton's History of the Bible was another book that presented some green patches among the deserts.
These young persons were generally sickly, melancholy, and buzzed round by ghostly comforters, or discomforters, in a way that made me sick to con- template. I had a great preference for wholesome, rosy-cheeked children, satisfied in the main with the enjoyments of nature suited to their time of life. Thomas Scott's Family Bible. The narrowness and exclusiveness of his views waked me up more than anything else to the enormities of the creed which he represented.
Starting from the fable of Paradise and the Fall of Man, as a fact, it represented the unfortu- nate race to which I belonged as under the curse of its Maker, — disinherited by its Father, — given over in the main to that other being, who seemed to have the vastly larger portion of the human race as sub- jects to his irresponsible treatment. The effect of Calvinistic training on different natures varies very much.
The majority take the creed as a horse takes his collar ; it slips by his ears, over his neck, he hardly knows how, but he finds himself in harness, and jogs along as his fathers and forefathers had done before him..
A certain number become enthusiasts in its behalf, and, believing themselves the subjects of divine illumination, become zealous ministers and devoted missionaries. Here and there a stronger-minded one revolts with the whole strength of his nature from the inherited servitude of his ancestry, and gets rid of his whole harness before he is at peace with himself.
A few shreds may hold to him. It represents the universe as a trap which catches most of the human vermin that have its bait dangled before them, and the only wonder is that a few escape the elaborate arrangement made for their capture. The truest revelation, it seems to me, which man has re- ceived is that influx of knowledge brought about by astronomy, geology, and the comparative study of creeds, which have made it a necessity to remodel the religious belief of the last few thousand years.
The ' I ' and the ' me ' of my double person- ality keep up endless dialogues, as is, I suppose, the case with most people, — sometimes using very harsh language to each other. One of them, I am sorry to say, is very apt to be abusive and to treat the other like an idiot, with expressions which, if uttered, would make a very bad figure in these pages. It is illustrated by the phenomena of waste and repair in the physical system.
The conservative principle is always except at brief inter- vals largely in excess of the destructive and renewing tendencies which go hand in hand with the task of im- proving society. The process is like that of respira- tion. New ideas act upon society as oxygen does on the body, attacking its errors, which pass away from the lists of human be- liefs, and strengthening the new truth which is building in its place.
Born near the beginning of the century, my mind was early impregnated with beliefs which, in the minds of those whom I consider the best think- ers of the present, are utterly extinct, and replaced by newer thought. The change in my own mind, like those of many others born in similar circumstances, has been gradual, and to a large extent insensible.
It was a New England doctrine that a child must re- pent of, and be punished for, not only his own sins but those of his first parent. This was the foundation of the condemnation of unborn and unbaptized chil- dren, as taught in the Day of Doom, the celebrated and most popular poem of Michael Wigglesworth, the minister of Maiden? The doctrine of inherited guilt, held up to scorn in the fable of the ' Wolf and the Lamb,' was accepted by the church as in perfect harmony with the human reason and the divine char- acter.
This doctrine of the fallen race was incorpo- rated into the food of the New England child as truly as the Indian corn, on which he was fed, entered into the composition of his bones and muscles. During his early years, if he was possessed of an active intelli- gence, he struggled against this doctrine contrary to all the instinctive convictions which belonged to his nature, and which were embodied in the old fable referred to.
The early years of a thinking child, who was not subjugated by this doc- trine, and those allied with it, were spent in conflict enforced by the threat of eternal punishment. Doctrines like that, introduced into the machinery of a young intelligence, break the springs, poison the fountains, dwarf the development, ruin the harmony, disorganize the normal mechanism of the thinking powers.
The planet I beheld was not much less in size than the one on which we live. If I had been looking on [this] planet [from] outside its orbit, instead of looking on Venus, I should have seen nearly the same sight as that for which I was paying my dime. Is this little globule, no bigger than a marble, the Earth on which I live, with all its oceans and continents, with all its mountains and forests, with all its tornadoes and volcanoes, its mighty cities, its myriads of inhabitants?
I have never got over the shock, as it were, of my discovery. There are some things we believe but do not know, there are others that we know, but, in our habitual state of mind, hardly believe.
I had seen Venus. The Earth on which I lived has never been the same to me since that time. All my human sentiments, all my religious beliefs, all my conception of my relation in space for fractional rights in the universe, seemed to have undergone a change. From this vast and vague confusion of all my standards I gradually returned to the more immediate phenomena about me.
This little globule evolved itself about me in its vast complexity and gradually regained its importance. In looking at our planet equipped and provisioned for a long voy- age in space, — its almost boundless stores of coal and other inflammable materials, its untired renewal of the forms of life, its compensations which keep its atmosphere capable of supporting life, the ever grow- ing control over the powers of Nature which its in- habitants are acquiring, — all these things point to its fitness for a duration transcending all our ordinary measures of time.
These conditions render possible the only theory which can ' justify the ways of God to man,' namely, that this colony of the universe is an educational institution so far as the human race is concerned. On this theory I base my hope for my- self and my fellow-creatures.
If, in the face of all the so-called evil to which I cannot close my eyes, I have managed to retain a cheerful optimism, it is be- cause this educational theory is the basis of my work- ing creed.
The churches around me are based upon the Fall of Man, a dogma which has spread its gloom over the whole world of Christendom. This supposed historical fact, based upon what our venerated Bishop Brooks called the parable of Eden, is gradually losing its hold on the intellects it has so long enslaved. The object of what is called the higher criticism, which is only another phrase for honest criticism, is to pick out the mortar from between the stones, — to get the errors from between the truths which are embedded in them.
The stones will remain, for the eternal laws of gravity- are the basis of their stability. My early attempts at rhyme were very few and slight, not as good as those on the duck which Sam. Johnson trod on. I remember re- peating heroic lines to myself, which were imitations of Pope or Goldsmith ; but I never wrote them down, — perhaps for the reason given by the French poet, ' Je fis mes premiers vers sans savoir les ecrire.
Such was that which compared our pretty visitor, A. Singularly enough many years afterwards I found the same similitude had been used by a Welsh poet. A slim and stooping theological student, whose hair was of a blonde ardente, I remember likening to a slender shoot tipped at the end with a red blossom. I have often been asked what were the first verses I printed.
I can't be quite certain on this point ; but of one thing I am quite certain, that, so far as I know, no vestige of talent is found in any one of them. My acquaintance with poetry was principally derived from the pieces for recitation and elocution contained in the school-books of my day. But my favorite reading was Pope's Homer ; to the present time the grand couplets ring in my ears and stimulate my imagina- tion, in spite of their formal symmetry, which makes them hateful to the lawless versificators who find anthems in the clash of blacksmiths' hammers, and fugues in the jangle of the sleigh bells.
The low, soft chirp the little bird hears in the nest, while the mother is brooding over him, lives in his memory, I doubt not, through all the noisy carols of the singing season ; so I remember the little songs my mother sang to me when I was old enough to run about, and had not outgrown the rhymes of the nursery. I have been recently asked how such and such a poem was born into my con- sciousness, and I have answered, it was a case of spon- taneous generation or abiogenesis.
I can only refer it to that ' inspiration of the Almighty which giveth understanding ' to all His thinking creatures, and sends His spiritual messen- gers to them with thoughts, as He sent the ravens with food to Elijah in the wilderness.
In the first place, the infancy of every human being born under favorable conditions is full of inspiration, which acts in the con- sciousness long before it has found words to express its exalted and excited emotions.
The blue sky over- head, the green expanse under foot, the breath of flowers, the song of birds, the smile of a mother, the voices of loving guardians and friends, the changes of day and night, the roll of the thunder, the blaze of lightning, — all that makes up the scenery and orches- tra of Nature, as yet uninterpreted by language, sink into the consciousness, to be remembered only in the effects they have produced.
All this, I believe, is much more literally true than the poetic assertion of Wordsworth about the clouds of glory that we come trailing from a previous existence. Substitute for the ' Heaven which is our home ' the unremembered world of our existence before we have learned to label our thoughts and emotions with words, and the child may be said to possess a wonderfid inheritance de- rived from his infancy before the time of their articu- late expression.
My birth-chamber and the places most familiar to my early years looked out to the west. My sunsets were as beautiful as any poet could ask for. Between my chamber and the sunsets were hills covered with trees, from amid which peeped out here and there the walls of a summer mansion, which my imagination turned into a palace.
The elms, for which Cambridge was always famous, showed here and there upon the Common, not then disfigured by its hard and prosaic enclosures ; and full before me waved the luxuriant branches of the ' Washington Elm,' near which stood the handsome mansion then lived in by Professor Joseph McKean, now known as the Fay House, and the present seat of Kadcliffe College.
There were two societies which held convivial meetings while I was in college, to one of which I belonged. I did not belong to the first of these while in college, but was afterwards made an honorary member.
The two at last were joined and became a single association. It was a great change from the sober habits of a quiet clergyman's family to the festive indulgences and gay license of a convivial club. Fortunately, there were no reporters at those meetings, for many tongues forgot the lessons they had been taught at the sober family board, and indulged in wit, or what passed for it, which would have borne chastening to advantage.
Oh, this was the period of illusions! The supper-table and the thea- tre seemed lively as compared with the Assembly's Catechism and Saurin's sermons, which I remember my father placing in my hands with commendation. Wine was very freely drunk in those days, without fear and without reproach from the pulpit or the platform. I remember, on the occasion of my having an ' Exhibition,' that, with the consent of my par- ents, I laid in a considerable stock, and that my room was for several days the seat of continuous revelry ; but we must remember what an immense change opin- ion has undergone since my time in regard to the use of alcoholic stimulants.
It was still worse in my father's day, for when he went to college his mother equipped him with a Dutch liquor-case containing six large bottles filled with the various kinds of strong waters, probably brandy, rum, gin, whiskey, doubt- less enough to craze a whole class of young baccha- nalians. Dear Barnes, — I know very well that I am a lazy fellow and a procrastinator, — I am in a terrible fright lest the letter you spoke of should arrive before I have got this fairly dispatched.
Your letter came just at the beginning of a term, when I had so many things to think of that I could hardly remember to get my lessons. At last, though, I have sprung into a chair, slapped down a sheet of paper, grasped my trust- worthy silver pen, and will soon have a good sheet of my ideas ready for you. I woidd have you remember, if you happen to find an ill-chosen word or a badly constructed sentence or a few ungraceful sweeps of the pen, that I have not time now to attend to the graces of style or the elegance of chirography, because in truth I have snatched a hasty moment from the time when I expected to be skating, and, urged by the motive I have before mentioned, I am determined to do as much as possible in a certain given time.
I am glad you liked the catalogue of the Medical Faculty ; its aim is not so much, however, to caricature absurdi- ties as to produce amusement by its mock solemnity, and the contrast between its pompous titles and its real nature. Crocker of blessed memory. There were two published before this, quite equal to it in wit, though not in execution. Of course you cannot understand all the allusions, like us who are naturalized to Harvard.
Sykes is the old and established nickname for Dr. Ware ; the women mentioned are the college chamber-maids, and those who play the part of " mob, watch, etc. I think it may be an object of curiosity to you, though it cannot have much interest to one who does not know the characters concerned. You seem quite a politician for an undergraduate.
We are almost all here Adams men, except the South- rons, and consequently rather down in the mouth, as the saying is. We are going to have a new president, Mr. Quincy, the late mayor of Boston, unless the Overseers reject him ; and we shall have great times at his inaugura- tion, I suppose, with the illumination and the balls and all that sort of thing.
I will try to give you an account of some of our societies some of these days, if you would like to hear about them. I had like to have forgotten to tell you that I received the paper you sent me containing the obituary of Bartlett, which I suppose you wrote. Tell me if ever you write in The Yankee — some of our fellows have written in it. I should think your rival societies would be great sport. What are you going to study? Dear Barnes, — I am in a great hurry, for I must go into Boston this forenoon ; but if I do not say something now, I cannot this term, I am afraid.
My vacation begins next Wednesday, the first of April, so that if you come here in yours it will be in my term time. I will do my best to show you the lions and make it pleasant to you, but you need not expect to find me any such great things. I am afraid you over- rate me on your scale. I have been busy lately in getting ready two poems which were assigned me, one by the government for a college exhibition, and the other by the class for our valedictory exercises.
We are going to have a grand time at the inaugura- tion 1 you see I think of that notwithstanding your exclamation at my puerility , — they say that the gov- ernment is going to give a dinner to all the students and I don't know how. We talked of getting up a ball, but could not find a convenient place, and so we shall confine our demonstrations of joy to the eating of meat, the drinking of wines, the smoking of segars, and the lighting of tallow candles.
I suppose the whole college will be gibbeted in the next week's Recorder for the immorality and impiety of a public dinner. I never wrote for The Yankee in my life, and therefore I am not " Clarence.
The numbers I have seen lately were dull and uninteresting. When you come here you must not expect to see in me a strapping grenadier or a bearded son of Anak, 1 Of President Quincy. To be sure I have altered a little, since I was at Andover.
I wear my gills erect, and do not talk sentiment. I court my hair a little more carefully, and button my coat a little tighter ; my treble has broken down into a bass, but still I have very little of the look of manhood. I smoke most devoutly, and sing most unmusically, have written poetry for an Annual, and seen my literary bantlings swathed in green silk and reposing in the drawing-room.
I am totally undecided what to study ; it will be law or physick, for I cannot say that I think the trade of authorship quite adapted to this meridian. Do you ever go mineralizing? You have a fine country for it, and a celebrated professor to direct your studies.
I would give a good knock about the rocks in Maine for some of their excellent specimens. I have paid considerable attention to Chemistry and Mineralogy, and think them both very interesting studies. The towns around Cambridge are utterly destitute of inter- est to the mineralogist. C has not left our college, nor is he like to until we all go together ; he behaves very well, though rather exclamatory, to speak mod- erately, in his language. Good-morning ; I will go to Boston now.
August 15, Dear Barnes, — I suppose I must begin with an apology for not writing sooner. I have been away from home about a month, or I would not have been guilty of such neglect. Your letter was the first token of remembrance that I have received from any of my old Andover friends or acquaintance, saving certain catalogues of the different colleges, in which article I have kept up quite a brisk correspondence. I shall therefore describe myself as circumstantially as I would a runaway thief or apprentice.
Sixth work Aquatic and aerial animals. Let the waters swarm with swarming things living creatures, and let fowl fly etc. The root has in Aram, the sense of creep, and there are many passages in where that 29 41 43 idea would be appropriate Lv. The words, except in three passages, are peculiar to the vocabulary of P. As it is, n j has all the awkwardness of a gloss 19 The phrase is applied once to man, 2 7 J elsewhere see 2. The use of descriptive impf. BJ weakened, 30 and see on or individual as often, to being ct.
There that sense Ps. I48 7. The important point is that it represents a power hostile to God, not only in the pass, There are resemblances in the Ar. King, Cr. IO ; but that ;. Let the earth bring forth living creatures] rrn 6?
D3 again for land animals, being re coll. DB, i. D but see Dri. The distinctions noted above are not strictly observed throughout the OT. Of wild animals 24 Hab. As a noun of unity, Neh. So Ps. IO4 11 ; Ps. EOT and p? Let us make man] The difficulty of the ist pers. The older Christian comm. In modern times it has sometimes been explained as the analogy of the we of royal pi. The idea of pattern or model it stands intermediate between is confined to the P pass, cited above the concrete sense just noted an artificial material reproduction : i Sa.
Q1D5 ; AT. The 1 is radical form nv? Other Vns. The most natural and most widely accepted explanation God is here represented as taking counsel with divine. That P retained the idea in spite of his ,. To speak of it, there ewcwv, ad imaginem is employed. Aruru forms a mental image zikru see Jen. KIB, vi. Minimam vero tarn prasclari Comp. Calvin Angelis adseribere abominandum sacrilegium est.
In both cases the reference is obviously to the bodily form of n. The truth is that the image marks the distinction between man and the animals, and so the latter is the consequence, not the qualifies him for dominion 4 6ffi Sir. The idea of a corporeal resemblance seems free from objection on the level of theology ; and it is. On the other hand, it may well be ques. It might be truer to say that it denotes primarily the bodily form, but includes those spiritual attributes of which the former is the natural and self-evident symbol.
J Note the striking parallel in Ovid, Met. A good summary is given by Zapletal, Alttestamentliches, Ita intelligitur per t So Augustine, De Gen. Although the great majority of comm. The curious paraphrase of S appears to reflect Leben, i. See, however, Nestle, 3f. On its etymology see Ges.
After D Bs? The plants are destined for food to man and beast. In other words, the first stage of the world s history that state of things which the Creator pronounced very good is a state of peace and harmony in the animal world.
Observe the difference from chs. It is strictly fern, inf. The construction is obscure. To bring out specifying- the food of man, the other that of animals. The word is rare 6t. On the construc the num. K rvn and reptiles ct. These linguistic p-i. They have been pointed out by Kraetschmar Bundesvorstg. The facts point rather to a distinction in the sources with which P worked, perhaps as Gu.
The motives of this belief lie deep horror of bloodshed, sympathy with the lower in the human heart animals, the longing for harmony in the world, and the conviction that on the whole the course of things has been from good to worse all have contributed their share, and no scientific teaching can rob the idea of its poetic and ethical value. The section contains but II.
The rest of God. It supplies an answer to the question, Why is no work done on the The answer lies in the day of the week? God Himself rested on that day from the work of creation, and bestowed on it a special blessing and. There is little trace of the idea that the Sabbath was made for man and not man for the Sabbath it is an ordinance of the kosmos like any ;. If it has potiori Ho. God finished, etc. It has the prevailing sense of regular occupation or business, as Gen.
Of the last there are four undoubted cases, all very late Lv. Apart from these doubtful passages, the sense. To take the vb. The only explanation, see above, p.
The last view may be accepted, in spite of of the absence convincing parallels. Even so, the expression is us against exaggerat warns strongly anthropomorphic, and relaxation Dri. In all other occurrences about 46 in all 9 Qal, 4 Niph. Qal ; Is. If all the uses are to ,. But while a dependence of a on b is intelligible cf. See Jast. Both verbs contain the idea of selection and ;.
To sanctify is to set apart from common things to holy uses, or to put in a special relation to God. Although no closing purpose.
It is, of course, a still greater absurdity to suppose an interval of twenty-four hours between the two modes of divine activity. The author did not think in our dogmatic categories at all. Sabbati  ;. PSBA, xxvi. Sabbath is the fact that in certain months of the year Elul, MarcheSvan, but possibly the rest as well the yth, I4th, 2ist and 28th days, and also the igth probably as the 7 x 7th from the beginning of.
Now, no evidence has ever been produced that these dies nefasti bore the name sabattu lucky day. Sabattu denotes the day of the full moon. The institution of the weekly Sabbath he traces to a ;. This innovation he attributes to Ezekiel but steps towards it are found in the introduction of a weekly day of rest during harvest only on the ground of Dt. The theory involves great improbabilities, and its net result seems to be to leave the actual Jewish Sabbath as we know it without any point of contact in Bab.
It is hard to suppose that there is no historical con nexion between the Heb. Sabbath and the dies nefasti of the Bab. The estab confessed, no convincing explanation has yet been found. See Hehn, Siebenzahl ff. Gordon, JSTG, ff. The phrase n K only P [all in Gn. Unless, therefore, we adopt the improbable hypothesis of Strack, that a part of P s narrative has been dropped, the attempt to ,.
There are Gn. The natural s. DN-i3 n n] in their creation or when they were created. If the. It is in this form that Di. It of the creation. And even if that difficulty could be. There seems no way out of the but to assume with Ho. The insertion would be suggested by the observation that the formula divides the book of Gen. See Field, Hex. Nestle, MM, 4. Babylonian and other Cosmogonies. From these it was apparent that the biblical account of creation is in its main conceptions I.
The interest of the fragments has been partly enhanced, but partly superseded, since the discovery of the closely parallel Chaldaean Genesis, unearthed from the debris of Asshurbanipal s library at It is therefore Nineveh by George Smith in Scaliger, cod.
Gunkel, cod. Tav0e, Ber. Smith, Chaldean Genesis ed. Sayce , pp. Nikel, Gen. The best collection and translation of the relevant texts in English given in L. King s Seven Tablets of Creation, vol. Mythen und Epen, in KIB, vi. Texte und Bilder z. See also Jen.
Kosmologie iSyo , Gu. Lukas, Grundbegriffe in d. The Subjugation of Apsu by Ea. The powers of chaos, Apsu, ii.
Tiamat, and a third being called Mummu Dam. An illegible portion of Tab. In the latter part of the tablet the female monster is again incited to rebellion by a god called Kingu, whom she chooses as her consort, laying on his breast the Tables of Destiny which the heavenly gods seek to recover.
She draws to her side many of the old gods, and brings forth eleven kinds of monstrous 1. On the approach of the sun-god, mounted on his chariot and formidably armed, attended by a host of winds, Tiamat s helpers flee in terror, and she alone con Marduk entangles her in his net, sends a fronts the angry deity.
The account of creation commences near the end of Tab. After subduing the helpers of Tiamat and taking the Tables of Destiny from Kingu, Marduk surveys the carcase, and devised a cunning The. And the lord measured the structure of the Deep And he founded E-Sara, a mansion like unto it.
Berossus says, what is no doubt implied here, that of the other half of Tiamat he made the earth but whether this is meant by the founding of E-sara, or is to be looked for in a lost part of Tab. He ordained the year and into sections he divided it ; For the twelve months he fixed three stars. The rest of Tab. He opened his mouth and unto Ea he spake , That which he had conceived in his heart he imparted unto him My blood will I take and bone will I fashion , :.
At the end of the tablet the gods assemble to sing the praises of Marduk and the last tablet is filled with a From this we learn that to Marduk v. Hymn in honour of Marduk. It is true that the Bab. Accord ing to Jen. KIB, f. But in the sub. But while an independent origin of deity may be consistent with the opening lines of Tab. The biblical conception, on the is. That a. In the Bab. Chaos is. Marduk represents the spring sun, whose rays pierce the darkness and divide the waters, sending them partly upwards as clouds, and partly downwards to the sea, so that the dry land appears.
The hurricane, which plays so important a part in the destruction of the chaos-monster, is the spring winds that roll away the dense masses of vapour from the surface of the earth. If this be the natural basis of the myth of Marduk and Tiamat, it is evident that it must have originated in a marshy alluvial region, subject to annual inundations, like the Euphrates valley.
The Babylonian is much fuller, and more saturated with mythology it mentions not only the moon but the signs But in the idea that of the Zodiac, the planet Jupiter, and the stars. Here, however, the resemblance is 26 is probably a slight, though the deliberative ist pers. The arrangement of the remaining naturally by that of the stars. At the same time it is very significant that the separate works Firmament, Luminaries, Earth, themselves, apart from their order are practically identical in the two documents Plants, Animals, Men, there is even a fragment possibly belonging to the series which alludes to the creation of marine animals as a distinct class King, CT, lix, Gordon Early Traditions of Gen.
In view of these parallels, it seems impossible to doubt that thel cosmogony of Gn. I rests on a conception of the process of creation! There is, however, another story from which the fight of the sun-god with chaos is absent, and which for that reason possesses a certain importance for our present purpose.
It occurs as the introduction to a bilingual magical text, first. The Deep had not been created, Eridu had not been built Of the holy house, the house of the gods, the habitation had. Instead of tough, quirky and her own person, Mercy comes across as someone in need of a good psychiatrist and as lacking in moral character.
Is it possible to know another person, even one you love, is the question posed in this novel by Bender Like Normal People, , which dissects a married couple in crisis. Serena, drawn to Dan for his sunny optimism and self-assurance, now feels emotionally abandoned by him.
When Dan gets a job as a publicist for a small North Carolina town, the Shines and their two small children grab the chance to start over.
But as culturally sophisticated, nonobservant New York Jews, they quickly find themselves isolated in culturally drab, blaringly Christian Waring, N. Surrounded by Christians, Serena feels her Jewish identity more acutely and gravitates toward the small congregation of Temple Shalom, particularly charismatic but controversial Rabbi Josh Golden; placed on the Temple Board, she finds herself torn between loyalty to Rabbi Josh, for whom she feels genuine gratitude not to mention affection, and increasing evidence that he may be psychologically unfit for his job.
The Shines both want community and intimacy, but can they achieve either together? Now 1 november fiction kirkus. But the novel, like Clare, is consumed with the past.
Growing up on Galveston, an old pirate island with a reputation for dangerous charm, Clare lived in the historic Porterfield House, lovingly maintained by her unlovable father.
In front of this house sits the Carraday Mansion, still the residence of the powerful Carraday family. The truth about Patrick proves more elusive. As children and teenagers, they were inseparable, she a willing accomplice to all of his delinquent inclinations.
Clare has nothing but questions: Why is Patrick avoiding her? How long have her mother and the married Will been having an affair? What really happened to Stella? For someone who prefers the distance of a camera to a conversation, Galveston may well keep her secrets. An impossible love story, it is not impossible in the traditional sense of love between mismatched partners, but because it shows how no love is possible between persons fundamentally unequal.
Philida is on her way to lodge a complaint against Frans. He made promises, among others, to seek her manumission. She bore his children. But it appears he deceived her, when in fact he deceived himself. Writing about his own family, Brink is silent, eloquently so, on its rampant hypocrisy, epitomized by.
Petronella, known as Ouma Nella. There is an astonishing frankness about the facts of life and a visionary lyricism in relation to these cruel facts. In its way, it is as thrilling as the book itself. Maddalena is something, still beautiful, still grieving over the death of her first-born son, Tony, and very much the axis of life for husband Antonio, daughter Prima and son Francesco.
Antonio is semiretired from his successful restaurant. Prima is well-married to prosperous Tom Buckley and mother of four strapping sons. Maddalena angrily dismisses the gift.
Refusing to voice her objection, she fears returning to see the beauty of her youth ripped away by reality and to again meet Vito, her first love. Layered over this family conflict are other, more serious catastrophes. Prima and her youngest are seriously injured in an auto accident, an incident that turns her from nurturing and devoted to bitter and angry. Agent: Janet Silver. Renowned author Harry and financially independent Maddy are the quintessential New York couple: attractive, socially prominent and undeniably in love.
But Maddy eventually discovers the deceit and leaves Harry. She returns to New York with Johnny, and Harry follows. As the couple struggles with the ruins of their relationship, the author chooses to add more unexpected layers to the story that elevate it from run-of-the-mill to outstanding. Ellmann, Lucy Bloomsbury pp. On Christmas Eve—the novel is organized by holidays—plastic surgeon Harrison Hanafan slips kirkus.
Having recently broken up with his girlfriend, Gertrude, a rich art lover with no redeeming characteristics except her son born by parthenogenesis , Harrison recuperates at home for weeks with his newly adopted cat, Bubbles, playing music and making lists as is his wont.
An invitation that arrives in the mail to give a speech at his old high school causes him to call his sister Bee, who escaped her abusive husband and is now a sculptor in England, and to ruminate about his unhappy childhood. Afraid of speechmaking, he hires a coach who turns out to be the plump, middle-aged mystery woman who saved him on Christmas Eve by putting him in a cab. Love blooms between Harrison and Mimi, full of bons mots and more lists that give the author a chance to share her sociological and cultural insights ad nauseam.
The romance does face bumps in the road. Gertrude arrives and tries to seduce Harrison just as Mimi walks in. Then, there is the random murder of Bee, shot by a crazed ex-soldier in a rage against women. And Bubbles is run over but survives. The sense of being preached to is strong throughout. Ellroy, James Byliner Inc. Skin flensed? Zombies repelled? He packs a tremendous dose of venom, after all, into a page. Anomic agents of alliteration, too.
All play 1 november fiction kirkus. This novel turns biblical archetypes into authentic, believable characters and uses an interesting and credible plot to convey an important message. Joseph Jacobson, or J. And so the story begins. The oldest brothers find a way to banish their hated younger brother to a different company in Chicago, where he rises above hardships only to fall and rise again.
The first-person narrative voice feels familiar and endearing, and the conversations among the various characters are authentic. Readers will relate to these characters, be moved to tears and laughter by them, and most importantly, be inspired by them. Getting there is a journey you should definitely take. Agent: Laurie Liss. Several stories feature young men making disastrous decisions and then following them to their conclusions in a way that would seem bathetic.
The poignant finale is a diptych about father-and-son toilet salesmen, the old man a veteran who feels most at home traversing the freeways, the son a fish hopelessly out of water, both bereft after the slow death by cancer of the woman—mother and wife—they loved. As the letters continue coming regularly every week, she begins to believe it is a work of fiction that an aspiring author is sending her in epistolary installments as a way to get her attention.
Camille is an editor at a publishing house, so she is intrigued by this unusual but plausible explanation. Then, as the story continues, she recognizes odd little clues that force her to realize the letters are indeed meant for her and are not fiction, but are in fact the story of her family and her conception, especially poignant insofar as she is herself pregnant.
The transitions flow naturally from one to the other with musical precision and harmony, until Camille adds her own reactions and revelations to move the narrative on to the next verse.
A poetic novel. Intrigued by petite and blue-eyed, hard-bitten and combative Manda, Kathleen soon needs help from a brother, Aaron, who rights a wrong with a brutal fierceness. In the title story, an older-woman—younger-man couple meet for a tryst. The man is a doctor-in-training, and there are intimations the woman is mortally ill. It is but a dog, a beast that later returns with a bloodied muzzle.
Visual and vibrant. Literary and lyrical. British author. But these lowkey early scenes are threaded with hints of oppression. In , after an election, violence flares into a terrible, eight-month war of independence. The family, huddled together for safety, witnesses the bloodshed firsthand but survives, and episodic family life, its dramas and feuds, resumes.
Neither history nor autobiography, this well-crafted, illustrated hybrid offers insight and warmth yet remains something of a literary curiosity. Agent: Georgia Garrett. Herbert, James Tor pp.
In his latest adventure, absintheswilling, deeply conflicted paranormal investigator David Ash tackles Comraich Castle in Scotland, an ancient, isolated pile whose sponsors, the Inner Court, comprise a secret organization of British royals and other superrich, shadowy movers and shakers. Well, it turns out to be a sanctuary for war criminals, mass murderers, child molesters, insane dictators and others whose public presence might prove embarrassing or dangerous and who desire to vanish utterly in some cases, involuntarily.
Their sole common characteristic is that they are wealthy enough to afford the astronomical fees. Herbert pulls in a laundry list of real-life characters used fictitiously, of course who disappeared mysteriously or whose deaths gave rise to conspiracy theories no Elvis, but there is the requisite Hitlerian connection. Plot and dialogue often verge on the ludicrous. Herbert clearly intended to channel public anger at the way the superrich insulate themselves from reality, and in this, he succeeds, especially given the recent revelations about how the British royals meddle in politics to their own benefit.
A yarn that has almost everything wrong with it, yet still reveals a compelling truth. For their sinful, violent ways, Viking Trond Sigurdsson and his. But Trond is distracted by his growing attraction to Lt. Nicole Tasso, who is determined to overcome a wounded past. Hill has created an intriguing new series with the Deadly Angels books, but her reach may be too long in this effort. There is too much going on, too many competing ideas and too many inconsistencies to carry a cohesive, powerful storyline.
Consider: Viking vampire angels. A confusing combination of too many elements without a commanding storyline or deeply convincing characters to pull it all together. Not only are people struggling for survival, most of them are shadowed by a ghost. Oscar has a vested interest in solving the grisly killing of a girl found ripped apart in a sewage plant, a weird religious symbol carved into her stomach.
He has never gotten over the guilt of maiming another teenage girl when he swerved to avoid a boy in the road—the boy, as it turns out, who is now haunting kirkus. In a frightening scene, huge, vulturelike creatures maul him. In the striking retro future of this novel, bizarre and familiar comfortably coincide. A flawlessly assembled thriller. Agent: Selwa Anthony. Ousep Chacko searches for the meaning of the death of his son Unni, who three years earlier had fallen—or perhaps thrown himself?
Joseph writes with extraordinary wit, cunning and sympathy about both family relationships and ultimate mysteries. The author begins by taking the reader on a tour of the small town of Avalon on the Irish Coast, introducing her cast of characters, hinting at their secrets, letting them question, surprise and ultimately support one another. Danae, the postmistress, is kind and discreet, careful not to pry too much into the private lives of the people she serves, knowing from personal experience that some things are just too hard to talk about.
Her niece Mara leaves small-town life for a career in the big city only to return to nurse a broken heart. Tess remains home to care for her dying father, marries, has two children and runs an antiques business. When her marriage to Kevin grows bland, she suggests a trial separation to see if absence will make their hearts grow fonder. Additionally, she made a name for herself as the author of a bestselling feminist work titled Women and Their Wars.
She is also running from a scandalmonger seeking information about the famous family she was once a part of and decides to hide out with her sister back home. The characters, with all their detailed idiosyncrasies, are authentically portrayed, and the peregrinations of the complex plot make for a fascinating journey and an excellent read.
Kibler, Julie St. Over time, the women have. And over time, they have become friends. Yet, when Isabelle asks Dorrie to drive her cross-country to a funeral, Dorrie is taken aback. Their relationship is still new, still tentative, and Dorrie has been burned by men too often. The repercussions of their love shattered their lives, their families, their futures. As she puts the puzzle of Isabelle together, Dorrie has worries of her own.
Can she trust Teague? Why have her son and his girlfriend stopped planning for the prom? Love and family defy the expected in this engaging tale. This history was so fascinating, he wanted to base a novel on it. This is that novel. In the same way the place that the characters in the novel hoped to go is a utopia that does not exist in reality. Kim has created a work that is rooted in this history. Koreans of varying background and social status facing the domination of the Japanese are enticed by Westerners into making an ocean journey to a land.
The Middlesteins by Jami At tenberg is one of the funniest novels of the year. It is also one of the saddest, filled with sad characters doing sad things and meeting sad fates. The female protagonist, an accomplished lawyer in suburban Chicago, is in the process of eating herself to death, alienating her husband and exasperating her two children.
Q: How much of a challenge was it to sustain the balance of tone? Did you envision this as tragicomedy from the start? A: I think Jews tend to have a sense of humor about themselves—even in the face of tragedy—so it would have been difficult to write this with a cold, sober attitude.
It would have been untrue to the characters. I feel like everything I write is a tragicomedy. Laugh and cry until you die. A: Because I heard it in my head that way? I just find that time-shifting kind of thing so interesting—I was trying to create suspense for the reader as much as I was for myself. I felt like the information was coming out just when it needed to, even when I was writing it. The reader learns about her just when I did.
What does it signify, and why is it the title of the novel? A: It was there pretty early on…. I remember asking people if it was too obvious, but everyone seemed to get it and find it amusing. At least it makes me feel better. Q: Obesity has become something of a political issue in recent years. Was your inspiration for the novel topical or social? Was it a symbol for an obsession that goes well beyond the overconsumption of food?
A: My inspiration was equally social and topical— though at a base level, I was interested in how a person could put her health on the line the way that Edie does.vztahy: 'hours ', 'Ot 'n' Sweaty, 'Round About Midnight, + (album), @ (album), A (album), A / B, A Beard of Stars, A Beautiful Lie, A Bigger Bang, A Black Moon.